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Concerns for the environment and local ecosystems have forced us to reconsider many of the current farming and gardening practices we use today. Traditionally,  systems of farming would prioritize short-term yields while underestimating  the adverse effects these crops might have on the environment.

Gardeners, large and small, can do their part to begin sustainability practices that restore our land and leave the earth better than how we found it.  Sustainable gardening offers an alternative that could reduce pollution and protect the environment from greenhouse gasses, especially if you start at home. Before you visit your home garden center or plant nurseries, consider some of these important reasons to adopt sustainable farming.

Depletion of Healthy Soil

Over-irrigation can cause waterlogging and an increase in soil salinity. When the ground is saturated with water, it prevents the circulation of gas. It blocks oxygen and triggers an anaerobic process. The flowers and shrubs in your garden will struggle for minerals and air, which are critical for their healthy growth.

If the plant is exposed to excessive irrigation, this will accelerate the process and make the soil saline over time. It may take generations before the earth can regain its fertility again.

You can avoid over-watering and preserving nutrient-rich soil by choosing a plant from your home garden center that is suited for the climate in your region. Consider using mulch for your plant nurseries to preserve water. It is a cost-effective technique you can try out with materials from your backyard.

Conscientious Watering

Water, when used carelessly, can have devastating effects on the environment and ecosystems. It can carry pesticides and other toxic chemicals that have become commonplace in modern gardening practices. The water from farms and gardens carries down the chemicals to local groundwater systems and rivers.

Excessive irrigation can also pick up more chemicals from improperly disposed waste, runoff from roads, as well as spills and leaks from industries. According to the Food Agricultural Organization (FAO), a significant amount of pollutants that find their way to the groundwater systems can be traced to agricultural activities.

A little planning goes a long way. Consider using a drip irrigation system and a timer set to water according to your plants requirements.

Utilizing Garden Waste

Another useful, sustainable practice is to utilize the waste from your garden. You may have materials in your backyard in the form of leaves, branches, old pots, and containers. You can begin by properly disposing of the waste or reusing the materials in composting.

Leaves, branches, and twigs can be used for mulching which reduces water loss and prevents salinity and unhealthy soils. Clearing dead plant material is an important way to  help prevent the spread of pests and diseases in your yard.

Adopting sustainable practices not only helps to protect the environment from pollution, it is also an effective approach for the healthy growth of your plants. For more information on plants and nurseries, visit Al’s Garden & Home enter website today.